ICVA and the Humanitarian Leadership Academy have developed this paper to support local, national and international NGOs to ‘unpack’ localization in a constructive manner.
Localization is a product of a wide range of changes; particularly those related to the type of organizations that are leading or delivering humanitarian assistance, the ways in which these organizations are working and, the environments in which humanitarian action takes place.
To unpack localization, one approach is to consider it as the intersection of four sub- processes that are taking place simultaneously, in some cases working in parallel, in others working together or against each other.
These processes appear to be highly contextual; they are moving in different ways within regions, in different national or sub-national settings,
and particularly between natural disaster, displacement or conflict settings.
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